Amalekism: A hatred of the Jews that passes from one generation to the next. This hostility is entrenched in different nations, cultures and religions. "In every generation they stand ready to annihilate us" - Passover saying.
Anti-Semitism: A suspicion of, hatred toward, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their religion, heritage or ethnicity. Anti-Semitism can be traced back to ancient Greece and Rome. It can be found almost anywhere in the world, even in places where there are no Jews. There is little agreement on why people hate the Jews. Various theories have been put forward (e.g. anti-Semitism can be explained on economic, political, theological, racial, cultural, social or ideological grounds) but none of them can explain why anti-Semitism is so persistent and so mutable.
Eretz Yisrael: Literally, the Land of Israel. This is a biblical name for the territory roughly corresponding to modern-day Israel, the West Bank, western Jordan and southern Lebanon.
Islamofascism: A violent and apocalyptic interpretation of Islam. It is antagonistic towards modernity; nostalgic for a lost golden age; fixated on real and/or imagined humiliations; xenophobic, anti-Semitic and anti-Zionist; anti-homosexual; anti-capitalist and anti-democratic. Islamofascists employ violence, terrorism and martyrdom to further their agenda of oppressing or destroying enemy populations (usually defined as “infidels”).
Israelophobia: Hysterical and irrational hatred of the State of Israel.
Jewish Nakba: The expulsion and/or flight of between 850,000 and 1,000,000 Jews from Arab and Muslim countries during the 1940s and 1950s.
Judeophobia: An irrational fear or hatred of the Jews.
Left-wing fascism: A violent far-left creed that mixes anti-Zionism, anti-Semitism, anti-Americanism and pro-Islamofascism. Left-wing fascists are antagonistic towards Israel and her supporters. They have legitimised a political style reminiscent of the Nazi brown shirts by waging a Kulturkampf (culture war) against Israel, the most notorious tactic being the boycott of Israeli individuals and companies.
New anti-Semitism: Denying the Jewish people the right to self-determination; applying double standards by requiring of Israel a behaviour not expected or demanded of any other democratic nation; using the symbols and images associated with classic anti-Semitism (e.g. claims of Jews killing Jesus or blood libel) to characterize Israel or Israelis; drawing comparisons of contemporary Israeli policy to that of the Nazis; holding Jews collectively responsible for actions of the State of Israel.
Palestine: The name given to Judea (the former southern kingdom of Israel) by the Romans following the massacre and expulsion of Jews in 70 CE.
Pallywood: A portmanteau of "Palestinian" and "Hollywood". A coinage used by media watchdogs to describe doctored or fake media footage created by Palestinians in an attempt to demonize Israel.
The West Bank: Disputed land that borders Israel and Jordan. Historically known as Judea and Samaria. Renamed the West Bank by the Jordanians after they annexed the territory in 1948. Israel gained control over the land following the Six-Day War in 1967.
Zionism: The national revival movement of the Jewish people. It holds that the Jews have the right to self-determination in their own national home, and the right to develop their national culture. Historically, Zionism strove to create a legally recognized national home for the Jews in their historical homeland. This goal was implemented by the creation of the State of Israel. Today, Zionism supports the existence of the state of Israel and helps to inspire a revival of Jewish national life, culture and language. Anti-Zionism: Hostility towards (a) the concept of Israel as a national homeland for Jews (b) the ideological underpinnings of the state and (c) the policies of Israel.